answer 3:4 - Wrong answer: negative cooperativity and molecular heterogeneity cause a broader rather than a steeper ligand binding isotherm
As shown in the preceding tutorial #2, the ligand binding isotherm of a negatively cooperative protein or of a chemically heterogeneous mixture of isoforms, is broader than that of a monomeric protein. In the present case the ligand binding isotherm is steeper than that of a monomeric protein, thus it is incompatible with chemical heterogeneity and with negative cooperativity.
We may express the same concept using the Hill coefficients:
The Hill coefficient n=1.43 obtained for this ligand binding isoterm is compatible with the hypothesis of a homodimeric or homooligomeric positively cooperative protein, ruling out negative cooperativity or absence of cooperativity. Chemical heterogeneity of the sample, due to the presence of isoforms or heterooligomers, cannot be excluded because positive cooperativity may overcome the broadening of the ligand binding isotherm caused by these conditions.
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